Waste Water Processing

Case Study 1: Sludge Dewatering 450 MW Power Generating Station

WTS | First Defense provided the manpower, equipment, tools, materials and supervision required to receive and process Flue Gas Desulfurization sludge, lime and fly ash to produce a processed material for landfill placement.

WTS | First Defense ran this facility with half as many employees and half of the cost of the incumbent contractor. Our management plan included 1 plant manager, 2 supervisors, and 2 full-time operators/maintenance personnel. Cost savings were also realized in turning the maintenance budget over to the plant and improving the sludge dewatering process.

Cost Savings

Key Project Highlights:

  • Orchestrated the maintenance of the centrifuge through the OEM (original equipment manufacturer) and obtaining a warranty on this maintenance.

  • Responsible for removal and processing of the existing sludge material.

  • Obtained all necessary permits and licenses required to comply with all regulatory codes, criteria and standards.

  • Provided all technical support as part of continued monitoring and support effort aimed at achieving process optimization at the facility.

WTS | First Defense took over management of the process from there and was hired to make all of the decisions on how and when to process the scrubber waste water to produce a final product that would be ready for landfill or other.

The thickener solids were managed and pumped as necessary to be processed. This consisted of first pumping the solids to a surge tank where a large mixer was used to maintain the slurry in suspension. All pumping equipment, automatic valves, manual valves, gear boxes, motors, and mixers were WTS | First Defense’s responsibility to maintain. From the surge tank the solids were pumped to 1 of 2 centrifuge systems where the slurry was dewatered. The centrifuges were each at one million dollar pieces of equipment that WTS | First Defense was responsible for operating and maintaining. The water was returned to the thickener while the solids were combined with fly ash and lime to create poz-o-tec material. This material was either sent to a landfill or could be used as a base for secondary roads (beneficial use product) if needed.

WTS | First Defense was responsible for maintaining all the equipment that was used to feed and measure the fly ash and lime to make the material. This included lime and fly ash silos, blowers, rotary feeders, slide gates, screw conveyors, belt conveyors, soft start electrical controls, variable frequency drives, PLCs, flowmeters, pH meters, electric pneumatic valves, motorized pinch valves, scrapers, plant air scroll compressor, air dryer, dodge torque arms, dust collectors, sump pumps, and a large pug-mill mixer. The final product was conveyed to a concrete pad via a conveyor and radial stacker. The material was loaded onto trucks 23 tons at a time with a front end loader and taken to the landfill for disposal or sent to DOT/State/Township for beneficial use.

Case Study 2: Equalization Basin Public Water Utility-622,000 gallons

WTS | First Defense provided 1-meter BDP sludge press system to process the sludge out of the equalization basin.

Technicians used lab analysis of samples taken from the basin to determine the TSS level. This information allowed the TSS level to be evaluated and determine the amount of solids in the water. They also analyzed basin side length and slope to determine basin volume. When volume was calculated the approximate blowdown volume could be calculated.

Watch Video Of The Sludge Press Process

Sludge Press Diagram

1. Feed Distributor
2. Independent gravity zone
3. Entry to pressure zone
4. Independent pressure zone
5. Perforated roll increases dewatering
6. Tubular steel designed for years of use
7. Discharge area (at top) onto conveyor and into roll-off box
8. Gravity zone and controls located at operator level